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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑玲、謝筑虹(2007)。青少年運動友誼與運動參與。中華體育,21(2),54-60。
  2. 李仁德(2010)。棒球運動品德教育。學校體育,20(1),73-77。
  3. 李美華(譯)(2007)。正面管教法:接納、友善學習的教室(原作者:United Nations Educational, Scientific and CulturalOrganization)。臺北市:財團法人人本教育文教基金會。
  4. 邱志明(2005)。國小級任導師與英語科任教師英語教學信念比較之個案研究-模式化之差異及潛在因素(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北師範學院兒童英語教育研究所,臺北。
  5. 范熾文(2000)。營造優質的班級氣氛。國教新知,46(3),92-102。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林良樺(2016)。中華民國樂樂棒球發展之研究。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2016。1-177。
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