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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 137 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳靖國、李秀卿(2005)。國民小學海洋教育之教科書版本比較-以藝術與人文領域為例。海洋文化期刊,1,201-236。
  2. 李鑑慧(2003)。知者無罪:海登懷特的歷史哲學。臺灣社會研究季刊,52,1-55。
  3. 杜美智、游家政(1998)。國民小學教師的課程決定──社會科教師之個案研究,課程與教學季刊,1(4),73-94。
  4. 周淑卿(2002)。教師與學生在課程發展歷程中的處境-系統論與概念重建論的觀點。教育研究集刊,48(1),133-151。
  5. 邱文彥(2003)。海岸管理-理論與實務。台北:五南。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盧雅惠(2014)。阿呆彩繪的天空~我的生活課程探究。國立臺北教育大學課程與教學傳播科技研究所學位論文。2014。1-147。
  2. 李俊毅(2014)。國小高年級實施海洋教育課程之行動研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-232。
  3. 錢彩雲(2016)。基隆市國民小學海洋教育政策執行之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2016。1-224。
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