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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈翠蓮(2004)。教學原理與設計。台北:五南。
  2. 周珮儀(2005)我國教科書研究的分析:1979-2004。課程與教學季刊。8(4),
  3. 陳錦波(2001)。國小數學教科書選用規準與態度之研究。國立台北師範學院數
  4. 黃國勳和劉祥通(2003b)。實踐小學因數教學模組之研究。科學教育學刊,11(3),
  5. 鄧鈞文(2002)。教科書自由化及其問題分析。課程與教學季刊。6(1),27-42。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉慧芬(2015)。臺灣與美國國小數學教科書因數與倍數教材之內容分析。國立臺北教育大學數學暨資訊教育學系學位論文。2015。1-150。 
  2. 黃怜華(2013)。兩岸三地角概念教科書內容比較之研究。國立臺北教育大學數學暨資訊教育學系學位論文。2013。1-125。 
  3. 莊瀅(2011)。數學教科書的概念構圖:以部編版因數與倍數內容為例。國立臺北教育大學數學暨資訊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-162。 
  4. 呂伯川(2017)。發展具診斷與回饋數學迷思概念之雙層次測驗遊戲式學習模式-以因數與倍數單元為例。國立臺北教育大學數學暨資訊教育學系學位論文。2017。1-120。
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