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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. 一、中文部份
  3. 方德隆(民75)。國民中學組織結構與組織效能關係之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 江志正(民81)。國民中學組織管理型態與教師工作士氣之關係。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 余瑞陽(民86)。國民小學校長管理能力與學校效能關係之研究。台北市立師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
Times Cited (65) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃凱陽(2010)。台北縣國民中學學校教師會運作對學校效能影響之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-148。 
  2. 石佩容(2007)。北部四縣市國民小學學校規模、學校區位與學校校能關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-156。 
  3. 陳巧芬(2011)。校長轉型領導、互易領導與學校效能關係之後設分析。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-160。 
  4. 孫明慧(2011)。交易領導轉型領導及工作士氣關係之研究以桃竹苗三縣市軍訓主管為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-176。 
  5. 李治果(2009)。國小兼任行政職務教師知識管理、資訊素養與學校效能關係之研究─以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-288。 
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