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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 298 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王逸山(民78)。印刷工廠組織氣候、工作滿足及士氣之研究。中國文化
  2. 立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 李豐章(民76)。縣市教育局成員士氣之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研
  4. 何淑妃(民84)。國小校長轉型領導與學校組織氣氛之調查研究。國立新
  5. 究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
Times Cited (67) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林書弘(2015)。軍隊績效管理制度對組織變革之影響-以空軍為例。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-87。 
  2. 郭泰佑(2014)。新北市國民小學教師兼任行政工作意願及影響因素之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-196。 
  3. 陳碧雲(2007)。新竹市國民中學教師兼任行政工作意願及其影響因素之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-168。 
  4. 王艷蕉(2011)。國民中學教師賦權增能與學校組織氣氛知覺相關之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-188。 
  5. 吳敏惠(2009)。國民小學校長領導風格、學校組織氣氛與教師組織承諾之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-147。 
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