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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂生源(民89)。國民小學行政組織再造之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 林海清(民87a)。縣市教育行政人員任用與培育之探討。發表於國立暨南大學教育政策與行政研究所主辦:教育行政論壇第二次研討會。
  3. 林海清(民87b)。組織再造中的教育行政改革。發表於國立東華大學教育研究所主辦:教育行政論壇第三次研討會。
  4. 林海清(民88)。建立教育行政專業制度之探討。發表於臺灣師大教育系教育行政論壇第四次研討會。
  5. 高雄市議會(民87)。高雄市政府教育局組織章程。八十七年六月三日高雄市議會第四屆第七次定期大會第四十六次會議通過。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃居正(2006)。臺北縣國民中學教訓輔組織再造之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-284。
  2. 尤毓蓁(2007)。臺北縣市教育行政機關服務品質之研究。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2007。1-172。
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