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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白麗美(民88)。面臨學校組織再造談重組學校行政組織結構。學校行政雙月刊,創刊號,38-44。
  2. 吳心怡(民85) 。「企業再造下的人力資源管理變革」。〔WWW page〕 URL
  3. 林淑姬(民81)。薪酬公平、程序公正與組織承諾、組織公民行為關係之研究。國立政治大學企業管理研究所博士論文(未出版)。
  4. 周淑卿(民85)。我國國民中小學課程自由化政策趨向之研究。國立臺灣
  5. 高強華(民81)。教育社會化研究及其在師資培育上的意義。載於中華民國師範教育學會主編:教育專業。台北:師大書苑。
Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林昌逸(2011)。臺北市國民中學實施校長遴選後校園權力結構與校務運作之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-111。 
  2. 蘇珍蓉(2015)。候用校長情境學習、權力觀點與角色責任相關之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2015。1-311。 
  3. 許芙蓉(2012)。台灣北部地區國民中學學習領域召集人專業對話之微觀政治權力策略分析。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2012。1-211。 
  4. 陳信良(2010)。臺北縣國民小學校園意外事件危機管理之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-159。 
  5. 邱春堂(2010)。國民小學校長社會資本、教導型領導與教師組織承諾關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-297。 
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