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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳財順(民88)。國民小學校長評鑑制度之研究。臺北:臺北縣政府教育局。
  2. 林文律(民89)。美國校長證照制度。國立臺北師範學院學報,13,65-90。
  3. 國民教育法施行細則增修條文(民88.7.2)
  4. 梁坤明(民89)。臺北縣校長評核制度之研究。學校行政,6,51-59。
  5. 郭工賓(民90)。國民小學校長辦學績效評鑑指標建構之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺北師範學院,臺北。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林上渝(2003)。我國高中校長辦學績效評鑑指標建構之研究。國立臺北教育大學國民教育研究所學位論文。2003。1-161。
  2. 石璧菱(2003)。國民小學實施學校本位教師評鑑之研究 ~以桃園為例。國立臺北教育大學國民教育研究所學位論文。2003。1-195。
  3. 郭玲如(2004)。台北縣九十學年度國民小學校務評鑑之研究。國立臺北教育大學國民教育研究所學位論文。2004。1-151。
  4. 高玉姿(2005)。桃園縣國民中小學體育評鑑指標建構之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-199。
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