Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王曉璿口述、徐藝華整理(民83)。電腦多媒體時代的來臨。師友月刊,319,16-18。
  2. 張雅玲、徐新逸(民89)。e世代國小職前教師資訊素養之研究。教育資料與圖書館學,38(2),230-228。
  3. 張雅玲(民90)。國民小學職前教師資訊素養之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士論文,未出版,台北:淡水。
  4. 溫明正(民89)。資訊科技融入各科教學之應用。教學科技與媒體,50,54-61。
  5. 葉宗青(民89)。提升中小學教師資訊科技素養之策略與途徑。生活科技教育,32(1),2-8。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉振霖(2011)。資訊科技應用於自然科教學成效之研究-以英特爾創新思考教育計畫為例。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-120。 
  2. 李東霖(2010)。台北縣國小教師資訊融入教學之信念與教學行為研究。國立臺北教育大學課程與教學傳播科技研究所學位論文。2010。1-109。 
  3. 徐一峰(2007)。資訊科技對北部地區國小在職進修教師之影響。國立臺北教育大學數學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-105。
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