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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李豐章(民76)。縣市教育局成員士氣之研究。台北:國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 吳武雄(民70)。國中教師學校認同之調查研究。台北:國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  3. 林婉琪(民89)。國民小學教師士氣與學校效能關係之研究。台北:國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 邱國隆(民89)。國民小學組織氣氛與教師士氣關係之研究─以台縣、桃園縣及新竹縣為例。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所未出版碩士論文。
  5. 曾燦燈(民67)。國中校長領導型式與教師服務精神之關係。台北:國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
Times Cited (58) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林書弘(2015)。軍隊績效管理制度對組織變革之影響-以空軍為例。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-87。 
  2. 朱俐穎(2013)。家長式領導、信任與工作滿足及組織公民行為關聯之研究–以保全業為例。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-88。 
  3. 許文萍(2011)。新北市國民中學女性教師兼任行政職務工作壓力與工作滿意度之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-161。 
  4. 李婷婷(2009)。基層與管理層人力精簡對企業績效的影響。淡江大學全球華商經營管理數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-126。 
  5. 許光溫(2007)。臺北市公私立國民中學教師工作壓力與工作滿意之關係研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-154。 
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