Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林海清(民88)。建立教育行政專業制度之探討。「教育行政論壇第四次研討會」論文。台北:國立台灣師範大學。
  2. 林朝夫(民89)。縣市政府教育局組織文化與組織效能關係之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系博士論文(未出版) 。
  3. Bennett,J.K.(1994).The Building Blocks of the learning. Organization Training, 31(6).41—49.
  4. Bishop,L.K,& George,J.R.(l973).Organizational structure: A factor analysis of structural haracteristics of public elementary and secondary schools. Educational Administration Quarterly,9,66-80.
  5. Boowornwathana,B.(1997).Transforming bureaucracies for the 21 th Century : The New Democratic Government Paradigm. Public Administration Quarterly (fall) 294-300.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林淑如(2012)。薩基凡尼道德領導理論研究。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-142。 
  2. 吳烱宏(2007)。學校運動團隊後援團體組織運作之研究:臺灣大學與淡江中學OB為例。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2007。1-166。 
  3. 孫翠莉(2003)。國民中小學組織結構再造策略之研究--以臺灣北部五縣市試辦"國民中小學組織再造與人力規劃試辦方案"為例。國立臺北教育大學國民教育研究所學位論文。2003。1-175。
  4. 劉美蘭(2004)。我國地方教育行政組織改革之研究—以縣市教育局機關化為例。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-227。
  5. 徐慧潔(2004)。法國教育視導組織與人員之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-188。
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