Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Foriska, T.J. (1998). Restructuring around standards: practitioner’s guide to design and implementation. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press.
  2. Robertson, P.J. Wohlstetter, P. & Mohrman, S. A. (1995). Generating curriculum and instructional innovations through school-based management. Educational administration quarterly, 31(3), 375-404.
  3. Rowan,B.(1995). Learning, teaching, and educational administration: toward a research agenda. Educational administration quarterly, 31(3), 344-354
  4. 一、 中文部分
  5. 丁興祥、李美枝、陳皎眉(民78)。社會心理學。台北:國立空中大學。
Times Cited (57) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐柏青(2010)。國中小行政人員科技領導與校園弱勢學生資訊素養之相關性研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-134。 
  2. 薛雅勻(2008)。幼稚園教師資訊素養與其教學效能之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-127。 
  3. 廖淑真(2007)。碩士生對資訊素養之熟練度與態度之調查研究-以亞洲大學為例。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2007。1-141。 
  4. 陳志強(2015)。國民中學校長科技領導、教師資訊素養與教師工作滿意度關係之研究:以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-290。 
  5. 蔡明政(2014)。校長科技領導、教師資訊素養及教師教學效能關係之研究:以桃園縣國小為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-274。 
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