Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂木琳(民67)。國中校長領導方式與學校氣氛之關係。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  2. 吳春助(民90)。國民小學校長學校行政渾沌現象敏銳度與學校組織文化塑造關係之研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 吳清山 (民85)。教育改革與教育發展。臺北市:心理。
  4. 陳木金(民90)。混沌理論之奇異吸子原理在國民小學組織文化評鑑指標建構之研究,
  5. 張永欽(民91)。臺北市立國小校長領導行為塑造學校組織文化與學校效能之研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱元之(2007)。學校組織文化與教育人員專業成長關係之研究-以國防大學管理學院為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-204。 
  2. 林瑞昌(2011)。邁向優質學校:創校初期學校經營策略之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2011。1-345。 
  3. 李厚學(2009)。桃園縣國民小學學校文化、學校行銷與學校行政效能之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-180。 
  4. 方文誼(2009)。臺北縣國民小學學校績效責任與學校組織文化之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-221。 
  5. 蘇小娟(2009)。台北縣國民小學初任校長領導行為與學校組織文化關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-167。 
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