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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千倖(2003)。以網路同儕教學建構網路學習社群之行動研究。師大學報,48(1),119-142。 doi: 10.6300/JNTNU.2003.48(1).06
  2. 王祿旺(2008)。小型報版面設計之閱讀效能研究。臺北市:秀威資訊科技。
  3. 李佳玲(2012)。數位學習課程同步視訊的應用及成效研究。世新大學教學創新結案成果報告。 doi: 10.6137/RECT.2013.105.01
  4. 邱弘昇(2012)。應用網路實況平臺進行自主學習之探討──以Photoshop學習為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。
  5. 林茂欽、林大豐(2005)。網路學習社群在身心動作教育之應用。大專體育,77,57-62。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝瑋哲(2015)。國民小學教師對翻轉教育的認知與態度之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2015。1-131。
  2. 吳振豪(2017)。創客實作中視訊學習行為之類型分析。中原大學資訊工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-63。
  3. 程鈺涵(2018)。翻轉教室對不同學習風格之國中生其學習成效之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2018。1-131。
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