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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美智、林麗嬌、侯國隆,2010。股票市場改採收盤五分鐘集合競價制度前後現貨市場與期貨市場的關聯性分析,臺灣企業績效學刊,3(2),53-266。
  2. 余尚武、吳嘉欽,2000。股價指數期貨對股票市場波動性的影響,企業管理學報,47,135-160。
  3. 李春安、賴藝文,2005。股市劇烈變動區間台灣股票市場與本國機構投資人從眾行為之研究,台灣管理學刊,5(2),231-268。
  4. 周雨田、李志宏、巫春洲,2002。台灣期貨對現貨市場的資訊傳遞效果分析,財務金融學刊,10(2),1-22。
  5. 柏婉貞、黃柏農,2007。台股指數期貨與現貨市場日內報酬波動與交易量非線性行為之研究,經濟研究,43(2),181-208。
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