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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王元章與張椿柏,2011,從核心代理問題的角度探討股權結構,董事會特性對公司價值之影響,證券市場發展季刊, 23卷(2期):頁131-174。
  2. 王育偉與鄭揚耀,2013,公司治理、資本支出決策與公司價值, 管理與系統,20卷(4期):頁665-695。
  3. 高麗芬與邱正仁,董監事股權質押對會計盈餘與股價報酬相關性之影響,臺大管理論叢,第13卷(1期):頁127-162。
  4. 張元與陳虹羽,2015,董監事責任險與公司信用評分,兩岸金融季刊 , 3卷(3期):頁73-112。
  5. 邱垂昌與莊清騄,2010,獨立董監事、公司資訊透明度與公司價值之關聯性,中山管理評論,18卷(4期):頁949-1008。
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