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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 方俊儒、李秀英與龍春伶(2008) 獨立董監事對盈餘品質之影響-控制股東之調節效果,會計與公司治理,第5卷,第一期:55-80。
  2. 10. 李建然與林秀鳳(2005),會計師任期與異常應計數之關聯性研究,管理評論,24(2):103-126.
  3. 11. 李建然及陳政芳(2004),審計客戶重要性與盈餘管理幅度--以五大事務所組別為觀察標的,會計評論,38 期:59-80。
  4. 13. 李雅琳與薛敏正(2007),財務困難公司之資訊透明度研究,當代會計,8卷2期:113-153
  5. 15. 李馨蘋與莊宗憲(2007年6月),公司治理機制與公司績效之實證研究,東吳經濟商學學報,第五十七期,P1-27
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳嘉瑜(2012)。主要國家董監事責任保險之研究。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-175。 
  2. 高毓斌(2011)。液化柳杉為基質PU樹脂/奈米矽氧有機-無機混成材料之製備及性質。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2011。1-139。 
  3. 陳彥凱(2014)。以低溫製程製備可撓式染料敏化太陽能電池的二氧化鈦正電極材料研究。臺北科技大學資源工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-137。 
  4. 王雅梅(2006)。利用有機茂金屬觸媒系統合成官能化聚丙烯及其與黏土混煉之研究。中原大學化學研究所學位論文。2006。1-90。 
  5. 連毅昇(2015)。董監事暨重要職員責任險及多角化對企業創新能力之影響。臺中科技大學會計資訊系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-47。 
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