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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王基祥(2008)。身心障礙者交通服務之研究-以南投縣溫馨巴士交通服務為例。碩士論文,國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系。
  2. 江明修、陳定銘(1999)。我國基金會之問題與健全之道。中國行政評論,8(3),23-72。
  3. 吳泰毅(2014)。飛勤導路.觀光領航-專訪中華民國遊覽車客運商業同業公會全國聯合會理事長、e-go臺灣租車旅遊集團總經理徐浩源。經濟前瞻,153,124- 128。
  4. 李信興、劉常勇(2008)。系統性「商業模式」之觀念架構。創業管理研究,3(3),119-144。
  5. 辛孟鑫(2005)。撥召運輸系統路線規劃問題之研究-以台北市復康巴士為例。碩士論文,國立成功大學交通管理科學研究所。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡玲君(2017)。政府與非營利組織之夥伴關係--以復康巴士委辦方案為例。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2017。1-121。
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