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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方世榮、黃瓊瑤與陳育成,2011,組織企業社會責任回應模型,管理與系統,第18卷第4期:551-580。
  2. 王蘭芬、李淑華與許齡丰,2012,負盈餘之資訊內涵-以銷貨為基礎之盈餘評價模型觀點,台灣管理月刊,第12卷第一期:69-98
  3. 沈中華、張元,2008,企業的社會責任行為可以改善財務績效嗎?—以英國FTSE社會責任指數為例,經濟論文,第36卷第3期:339-385。
  4. 李秀英、劉俊儒與楊筱翎,2011,企業社會責任與公司績效之關聯性,東海管理評論,第13卷第一期:77-112。
  5. 林文玲、傅鍾仁,2011,企業社會責任之揭露對會計資訊價值攸關性-以台灣資訊電子業上市公司為例,商管科技季刊,第12卷第2期:209-229。
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