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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁一?(2002)。影響員工?職傾向因素之探討-以台中地區國際觀光??為?。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管?研究所碩士?文,未出版,台中。
  2. 王瑤芬、洪久賢(2004)。我國觀光餐旅業員工離職傾向研究之內容分析,觀光研究學報,10(4),125-143。
  3. 沈進成、楊琬琪、郭振生(2006)。內部行銷、組織承諾、工作滿意度與學校效能影響關係之研究-以台南地區國民小學為例。人力資源管理學報,6(1),47-74。
  4. ?溢琳(1998)。中西式速食業店長工作滿意?之研究。東海大學食品科學研究所碩士?文,未出版,台中。
  5. 邵小娟(2000)。??業、??業及航空業員工社會化與?職傾向關係之比較研究。文化大學觀光事業研究所碩士?文,未出版,台北。
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