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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李鴻鈞(民101)。企業導入供應鏈安全管理關鍵成功因素之研究。私立東海大學,台中市。
  2. 張志銘(民100)。以德菲法建立遠距監造應用程度評估指標之研究。國立交通大學,新竹市。
  3. 張偉雄、葉源鎰、王瑞顯(民94)。以德爾菲法建構智能障礙青少年學生休閒教育內涵模式之指標。嘉南學報,31,389-404。
  4. 黃章展、李素馨、侯錦雄(民88)。應用重要-表現程度分析法探討青少年觀光遊憩活動需求特性。1999年休閒、遊憩、觀光研究成果研討會-遊憩需求與效益研究,中華民國戶外遊憩學會編著,台北:田園城市文化出版。
  5. Abdullah, M.M., & Omar, S.A. (1997).“Impact assessment of an improper effluent control system : a Delphi study,” Ecological Impact Assessment,
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林金蒔(2014)。影響承攬業者導入AEO認證動機因素之探討。臺中科技大學流通管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-84。
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