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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王嘉盈(2009)。情感設計之設計理論與設計思維比較研究-Donald A.Norman與深澤直人。崑山科技大學視覺傳達設計研究所碩士論文。
  2. 2.何明泉、林其祥、劉怡君(1996)。文化商品開發設計之構思。設計學報,第1卷第1期,pp1-12。
  3. 3.吳弦修(2013)。文化意象應用於木質產品設計-以仿生造形為例。國立屏東科技大學木材科學與設計系碩士論文。
  4. 5.林彣全(2011)。當代藝術之圖文傳播現象研究—以後現代主義藝術家Barbara Kruger的創作為例。國立臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系碩士論文。
  5. 6.林榮泰(2005)。文化創意.設計加值。藝術欣賞,第1卷第7期,pp26-32。
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