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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 陳韻雯(2009)。「桃園縣國民小學教師使用互動式電子白板之調查研究」,國立臺北教育大學國民教育學系教育事業創新經營碩專班碩士論文
  2. 7. 徐景秋(2009),「異業結盟科技商品的接受態度與使用意圖影響因素之研究-以科技接受模式為分析觀點 」,成功大學高階管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 9. 鄧志立(2010) 。「互動式電子白板穩健式教學設計之研究--以國小三年級自然與生活科技領域課程為例」,屏東科技大學 技術及職業教育研究所碩士論文
  4. 10. 高嘉汝(2010) 。「運用互動式電子白板融入教學來探討國小教師創新接受度、科技接受度與使用滿意度之相關研究-以雲林縣為例」,虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文
  5. 12. 李國瑋、李應註 (2010)「電腦使用者界面的改良設計與科技接受模式之驗證」, 資訊管理學報, 17(4) , pp1- 30. 。
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