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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2.李長樺 ,2004,行動電話服務業者產品屬性與市場區隔之研究,淡江大學,碩士論文。
    2. 16.劉水深,1984,產品規格化與策略運用。
    3. 17.歐聖榮、張集毓,1995,「遊憩區市場定位之研究,戶外遊憩研究」,第8 卷,15-45 頁。李定健譯,遠流出版事業股份有限公司。
    4. 18.薛顯昌,2009,多元尺度法運用在最佳產品之研究-以高雄市某連鎖咖啡館為例,國立高雄餐旅學院,碩士論文。
    5. 1.Aaker, David A., and Shansby., Positioning Your Product, Business Horizons,vol.25, No. 3 , 1982 ,pp.56-62.
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳俊銪(2012)。臺灣金融控股公司財務績效與競爭策略之研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2012。1-99。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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