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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方世榮(2007)。現代人力資源管理(10版)。台北市:華泰文化事業公司。
  2. 王精文和蕭婉鎔(2004)。建構學習型組織與組織績效關係之研究。人力資源管理學報,4,29-49。
  3. 王薪為(2007)。領導型態、組織氣侯、學習型組織與組織承諾關係之研究:以高科技產業為例。國立成功大學企業研究所碩士論文。
  4. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(網路資源:。
  5. 李長貴(2000)。人力資源管理。台北:華泰文化事業公司。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李曉梅(2010)。能量管理、工作壓力與工作成就關係之探討-以彰化縣戶政人員為例。臺中科技大學事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-79。 
  2. 林惠禎(2010)。員工能量管理、自我效能與自評工作績效之關係探討-以三家醫院為例。臺中科技大學事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-123。
  3. 章淑珍(2016)。關務人員職務輪調對工作滿足感之研究-以財政部關務署臺中關為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-114。
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