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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 191 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鴻楷主持 (1993)《公寓大廈居住使用之調查研究》(內政部建築研究所籌備處專題研究計畫成果報告,ISBN 957-00-2603-0),臺北市:國立臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所。
  2. 林振春 (2002),〈建構學習型的社區教育-臺灣經驗〉,在中華民國社區教育學會編著《社區教育理論與實踐》(頁81-98),臺北市:師大書苑有限公司。
  3. 章英華 (1995),《臺灣都市的內部結構:社會生態與歷史的探討》,臺北市:巨流圖書公司。
  4. 曾旭正 (2007),《臺灣的社區營造》,新北市:遠足文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 方瓊瑤 (2006)《社區總體營造的政治經濟分析,1965-2005》,國立臺灣大學政治學研究所研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
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