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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chen, C. Y., Lin, C. Y., Chang, T. T., Shin, J. S., Chen, C. Y., Yang, C. C., ... & Lin, X. Z. (1994). Endoscopic variceal ligation for the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices. 中華民國消化系醫學會雜誌, 11(3), 187-193.
  2. Xu, H. W., Wu, K. L., Wang, J. H., Tsai, M. S., Hung, C. H., Chiou, S. S., ... & Chuah, S. K. (2011). Comparison of Cefazolin and Ceftriaxone as Prophylactic Antibiotic in Cirrhotic Patients with Acute Variceal Hemorrhage after Endoscopic Interventions. 臺灣消化醫學雜誌, 28(3), 19-28.
  3. 肝病防治學術基金會(2014)。肝硬化全書。台北:如何出版社
  4. 李雅鈴(2013)。預防性抗生素對食道靜脈瘤出血病人的效益。中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
  5. 陳啓益, 林勤益, 張定宗, 辛政憲, 陳炯瑜, 楊基滐, . . . 林錫璋. (1994). Endoscopic Variceal Ligation for the Treatment of Bleeding Esophageal Varices. [食道靜脈瘤結紮術對急性食道靜脈瘤出血療效的評估]. 中華民國消化系醫學會雜誌, 11(3), 187-193.
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