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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 204 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王連杰(2007)。組織創新氣候、知識分享動機與企業經營績效之研究以桃園地區工商企業為例。萬能商學學報,12, 243–256。
  2. 王宣智、李樹民(2009)。政府資訊委外之檢討與建議。科技發展政策報導,1,18–29。
  3. 王筱婷(2013)。高階經理人更換前後影響策略聯盟因素之比較-以台日企業合作為例。國立中正大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 汪美伶、徐治齊(2006)。組織創新與組織績效-人力資源管理系統之干擾效果。人力資源管理學報,6(3),45–69。
  5. 汪美伶、李山田(2007)。組織創新、員工心理安全與組織績效關係之研究-以商業銀行為例。人力資源管理學報,6(3),45–69。
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