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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁賢偉、詹前隆(2009)∙互動式衛生教育系統對下背痛衛生教育之效果∙醫護科技期刊∙11(4),P235 - 247。
  2. 方素瓔、梁靜祝、范守仁、李伯皇 (2000)∙行為提示對術後病患使用自控式止痛劑之影響∙台灣醫學,4(6),634-643。
  3. 方素瓔、梁靜祝(2002) ∙疼痛控握特質與病患使用自控式止痛劑行為之相關性∙台灣醫學,6(6),25-32。
  4. 王魯梅(2006)∙運用充能概念探討多媒體互動式光碟對血液透析患者自我照顧、無力感及生活品質促進之成效(未發表的碩士論文)∙高雄:輔英科技大學護理研究所。
  5. 江蕙娟、林豐裕、胡月娟(2013)∙多媒體互動式光碟對護理人員執行失能評估之成效∙The Journal of Nursing Research∙21(2),83-93。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張淑芬(2015)。教學光碟飲食指導對血液透析病人飲食控制的成效。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2015。1-88。 
  2. 曾雅玲(2016)。糖尿病患者的學習需求與學習偏好之研究—以南部某區域教學醫院為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-131。
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