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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王琦、廖梅珍 (2001) 經腹腔鏡卵巢切除術臨床路徑實施之成效。長庚護理,12(1) :23-30
  2. 古雪鈴、王拔群、鍾國彪、陳雅惠 (2006) 手術室應用標準差改善流程時間之效益。醫護科技學刊,8(2):99-109
  3. 李國華 (2012) 新產品開發階段導入替代料之流程建模及潛在風險分析。中央大學工業管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文
  4. 李雅玲、林宜蓉、施富金、黃金蓮 (2000) 小兒腹股溝疝氣修補術臨床路徑的發展及應用。慈濟醫學雜誌,12(3) :191-196
  5. 呂俊德、黃郁琮、陳秀貲 (2007) ARIS 流程管理方法在醫療作業流程之應用: 以某區域醫院為例。醫務管理期刊,8(2) :172-193
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