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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王欣昱,2013,國際觀光旅館員工組織承諾、職業倦怠與薪酬制度對離職傾向影響之研究-以日月潭地區為例,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系碩士論文。
  2. 吳昭憲,2011,組織公平、組織承諾、工作滿意與離職傾向關係之研究-以服務業為例,亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 李憶萱、蕭嬋、陳詳衡,2011,工作滿足、組織承諾、組織公民行為與離職傾向之關係探討—以某中國大陸台商個案公司為例,政大勞動學報,第27期,1-40。
  4. 林璟媛,2013,金融從業人員工作壓力與工作績效之研究:主管支持的干擾效果,健行科技大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 林麗娟,2008,工作壓力、職業倦怠與工作績效關係之研究─以台中郵局為例,國立臺中技術學院事業經營研究所碩士論文。
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