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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱鴻鈞、許嘉伊、楊玉婷與余祁暐,2010,新興基因改造植物之研發與管理研討會報導,《農業生技產業季刊》p.82-83。周雅雲,2005,影響我國生物科技廠商財務績效之因素,東吳大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
  2. 印永翔與陳思遐,2012,創新與研發、知識外溢之因果分析—以G20 國家集團為例,《經濟論文叢刊》,40(4)
  3. 汪倩人與賴廷松,2008,研究發展、專利與健保合作對於廠商經營績效的影響─台灣生物科技產業之研究,《朝陽商管評論》,第七卷,第四期,頁25-48。
  4. 林秀鳳、陳岳鴻與黃萬華,2014,生物科技產業創新能力與企業價值之關聯性-廣告支出之調節效果,《管理學報》,第31卷,第2期,頁89-106 。
  5. 林博文、陳怡之與洪慈霙,2003,策略聯盟傾向、技術研發與企業無形資產之蓄積,《台灣管理學刊》,第3卷,第1期,pp.59-74
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