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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李金隆(2011)。營造業外包管理與外包績效關聯性之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  2. Dickson, G.W.(1996). An Analysis of Vender Selection Systems and Decisions, Journal of Purchasing, 2(1),5-17.
  3. McCutcheon,D.& Stuart,F.I.(2000).Issues in the Choice of Supplier Alliance Partners,Journal of Operations Management,18,279-301.
  4. Narasimhan, R. (1983), An Analytic Approach to Supplier Selection, Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, 1, 27-32.
  5. Nydick, R.L. & Hill ,R.P.(1992), Using the Analytic Hierarchy Process to Structure the Supplier Selection Procedure, International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, 28(2), 31-36.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉家齊(2003)。企業導入平衡計分卡之成效研究 - 以國內某上市電子公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-119。
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