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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2010).護理人員工作現況調查.全聯護訊 ,76,2–3。[Taiwan Union of Nurses Association (TUNA). (2010). The survey of the nursing workforce. TUNA Nursing Newsletter, 76, 2–3.]
  2. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2014,3月). 102 年醫療機構人力現況調查統計表 .取自http://www.nurse. [Taiwan Union of Nurses Association. (2014, March). Manpower statistics for medical institutions in Tai-wan, 2013. Retrieved from]
  3. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2015,2月). 103 年 醫療機構人力現況調查統計表 .取自http://www.nurse. [Taiwan Union of Nurses Association. (2015, February). Manpower statistics for medical institutions in Taiwan, 2014. Retrieved from]
  4. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2016,10月31日). 台閩地區護理人員統計表—105 年 10 月.取自http:// id=15240&timeStamp=1478759416324 [Taiwan Union of Nurses Association. (2016.10.31). Statistics on nursing staff in Taiwan (2016, October). Retrieved from http://www.nurse. meS-tamp=1478759416324]
  5. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2017,6月30日). 台閩地區護理人員統計表—106年 6月.取自http:// id=25668&timeStamp =1500085998 [Taiwan Union of Nurses Association. (2017.6.30)Statistics on nursing staff in Taiwan (2017, June). Retrieved from http://www.nurse. meS-tamp=1478759416324]
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