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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑麗(2013)。比較有無參與慢性腎臟病整體照護計畫對病人之照護成效(未發表之碩士論文)。高雄醫學大學護理學研究所,高雄市。
  2. 王淑麗、蕭仕敏、邱怡文、黃尚志、陳鴻鈞(2007)。如何執行慢性腎臓病個案管理:南部某醫學中心為例。腎臟與透析,19(1),6-11。
  3. 吳佩蓉、許淑蓮、蔡敦仁、黃秀梨(1997)。個別性衛生教育對慢性腎衰竭病人疾病認知、態度及自我照顧之成效。台灣醫學,1(1),23-24。
  4. 孫建安(民100)。2007年台灣地區高血壓、高血糖、高血脂之追蹤調查研究。行政院衛生署國民健康局委託之專題研究報告。行政院衛生署國民健康局,台中市。
  5. 國民健康局(2010)。慢性腎臟病防治手冊。行政院衛生署國民健康局,台中市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張孟源(2015)。台灣慢性腎臟病之管理 —末期腎臟病前期之病人照護與衛教計畫。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2015。1-107。
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