Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2014年,12月).台閩地區護理人員統計表.取自
  2. 李引玉、劉向媛(1994).護理專業的成長-從生手到臨床專家.護理雜誌,41(2),72-76。doi:10.6224/JN.41.2.72
  3. 李淑莉、馬秀玲、楊珠陽、莊玉仙、林淑媛(2009).高雄某教學醫院之輔導員輔導新進護理人員的經驗敘說.嘉基護理,9(2),7-17。
  4. 李淑莉、莊玉仙、陳秀月、林淑媛(2009).高雄某教學醫院新進護理人員的工作壓力敘說.護理暨健康照護研究,5(2),83-90。doi:10.6225/JNHR.5.2.83
  5. 李雅慧、胡月娟、李雅文、張艾玲(2009).醫師和護理人員對專科護理師角色與功能之看法及其相關因素探討.護理暨健康照護研究,5(2),109-117。doi:10.6225/JNHR.5.2.109
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :