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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.吳秀英,賴辛癸,張粹文,林宇旋,洪百薰,蕭美玲(2008)。台灣地區2001年級2005年成人及兒童口腔保健行為與牙科就診原因之比較。台灣衛誌,27,25-31。
  2. 10.徐芬莉(2011)。網路銀行服務知覺對使用意願之影響-以H銀行中小企業顧客為例。中原大學企業管理學系碩士學位論文。
  3. 12.許志源,張彩秀(2009)。社區中老年人口腔保健行為、口腔狀態與口腔相關生活品質之探討。台灣口腔醫學科學雜誌,25,49-63。
  4. 17.陳柏憲(2010)。『顧客關係、品牌知名度、企業形象、服務品質、顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度間關係之研究』—以國內醫療器材業為例。管理學院企業管理碩士學程(MBA)碩士論文。
  5. 18.陳啟斌,林進財,黃曉令,厲世偉(2003)。醫療器材選購意願之研究-以台北市牙醫師選購牙科診療檯為例。健康管理學刊,第一卷,第一期。
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