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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王士肯、劉正(2008),大學生對教育品質的評價及其影響因素:以教育相關科系為例,研究台灣,(4),79-166。
  2. 王价巨(2014),高齡友善社區永續規劃之研究與評估—以八個銀髮社區為例,建築學報,(90),1-21。
  3. 王虹萍、周天穎(2010),結合層級分析法與模糊理論於土石流潛勢評估之研究-以陳有蘭溪集水區爲例,水保技術,5(1),13-22。
  4. 王儷潔(2012),台灣地區科技大學科系選擇因素之探討,國立暨南國際大學教育學院教育政策與行政學系未出版碩士論文。
  5. 朱志成(2016),少子女化現象下桃園巿高中職校經營策略對招生績效之影響,淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班未出版碩士論文。
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