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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 141 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靖興(2000)。立法委員的立法問政與選區服務之分析:2000年政黨輪替前後的持續與變遷。台灣政治學刊,13(2),pp.113-169。
  2. 王鼎銘、詹富堯(2006)。台灣地方財政的政治景氣循環分析:固定效果與隨機效果模型的估算比較。台灣政治學刊,10(2),pp.63-100。
  3. 包正豪(2009)。政黨認同者等於政黨鐵票? 2000-2008 總統選舉中選民投票決擇之跨時性分析。淡江人文社會學刊,40(4),pp.67-90。
  4. 古步鋼、林賢文(2012)。由行政流程改造探討提升政府服務品質之策略。研考雙月刊,36(5),pp.27-41。
  5. 李錦河(1999)。「選民需求指標」選舉預測模式應用於「多人參選當選多席次」之選舉研究-以1998年台南市安南區市議員選舉為例。選舉研究,6(1),pp.31-66。
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