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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王憶菁(2011)。消費者對長期照護機構選擇屬性之研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理碩士論文。
  2. 王韻(2008)。服飾產業的工作價值觀與工作滿意度對員工離職意願之探討-以X、Y世代為例。紡織綜合研究期刊,18(3),64-71。
  3. 李幸燕(2010)。護理人員的賦權感受與留任意願之相關性研究。長榮大學護理學系碩士論文。
  4. 李瑞華、張芙美、賴惠玲、李茹萍(2008)。台東縣公共衛生護理人員專業承諾與工作價值觀之探討。志為護理-慈濟護理雜誌,7(2),79-92。
  5. 成亮、杜佩蘭、張肇松、黃英忠(2009)。Kanungo工作投入量表的重建與測量-以護理人員為樣本。中華心理衛生學刊,(2),139-159。
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