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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪琬琪,「重金屬影響植物根部生長及發育機制之探討」,碩士論文,國立成功大學生物學研究所,台南(2003)。
  2. 陳武清,「酸淋洗土壤中重金屬之研究」,碩士論文,元智大學化學工程研究所,桃園(1999)。
  3. 陳奕文,「重金屬污染農地的淋洗處理與植栽分析」,碩士論文,國立中興大學環境工程學系所,台中(2005)。
  4. 陳立軒、蕭伊琳、林啟文,「評估以HCl與EDTA處理受重金屬污染土壤之效率研究」,科學與工程技術期刊,第2卷,第4期,第39-44頁(2006)。
  5. Alloway, B. J. “Heavy metals in soils,” John Wiley and Son, New York., pp. 5(1990)
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴宏賓(2012)。鉻在土壤環境中之型態轉換及清洗效率之研究。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2012。1-75。
  2. 柯詠紋(2017)。炭化土壤之添加對鎘污染土壤生物有效性的影響。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2017。1-78。
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