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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 李銘輝(1991),遊憩需求與遊客特性之探討,戶外遊憩研究,(1):17-33。
  2. 10. 林建堯(1998),自行車專用道環境屬性重要度研究,未出版之碩士論文,國立中興大學園藝學系。
  3. 11. 林建堯(1999),自行車專用道環境屬性重要度研究,國立中興大學園藝學系碩士論文。
  4. 12. 張馨文(2003),臺灣發展自行車觀光之研究,觀光研究學報,9(1),107-122。
  5. 13. 張馨文(2004),各國發展自行車遊憩經驗之研究。都市交通季刊,19(1),1-10 。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張筱君(2011)。農業體驗遊程之遊客滿意度及消費行為:以新埔鎮金漢柿餅教育園區為例。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2011。1-139。 
  2. 廖淑靜(2011)。自行車休閒者休閒動機、休閒體驗與休閒滿意度之研究-以埔里自行車道為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2011。1-128。
  3. 李明坤(2011)。休閒農業區遊客滿意度與重遊意願之研究 --以匠師的故鄉葵海農場為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2011。1-69。
  4. 沈坤德(2011)。自行車遊客之休閒涉入、綠色認知與環境態度研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-85。
  5. 袁碧霞(2013)。飛行傘休閒運動參與動機與知覺風險關係之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2013。1-149。
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