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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 210 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.方怡堯(2002)。溫泉遊客遊憩涉入與遊憩體驗關係之研究-以北投溫泉為例。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所,台北市。
  2. 3.王宏義(2008)。大專足球體育課程學習動機與學習滿意度之研究。臺中教育大學體育學系系刊,3,978-986。
  3. 6.王儀旭、黃美瑤、李建坤(2006)。軍事體育以Mosston命令式教學之學習情境知覺對學習成效影響研究。復興崗學報,87,173-194。
  4. 8.朱佩慧(2007)。技職學校學生學習成效影響因素之研究--以某學院為例。北商學報,12,81-94。
  5. 9.朱彩馨、彭虹綾(2009)。提昇科技中介學習成效--從個人內在認知因素探討合作學習的學習成效。資訊管理學報,16:1,135-162。
Times Cited (28) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李瑞英(2013)。~放學花路米~一位國民小學二年級校內課後照顧服務班教師方案設計之行動研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-305。 
  2. 吳少庭(2013)。同步與非同步遠距教學設計滿意度對遠距學習成效影響之研究-以淡江大學為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-173。 
  3. 莊麒穎(2013)。連鎖餐飲業員工訓練溝通之研究-以速食業為例。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-92。 
  4. 陳坤豊(2015)。探討戒護管理人員工作壓力對休閒活動涉入之影響。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-90。 
  5. 陳志緯(2013)。高中職餐旅群業界專家協同教學實施成效之研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-106。 
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