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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院內政部(2007)。國民生活狀況調查報告。台北:行政院內政部。
  2. 巫喜瑞、梁榮達(2006)。職業棒球觀眾運動涉入、球隊評價及贊助效益之研究。觀光研究學報,12(4),345-369。
  3. 林春豪、張少熙、張良漢(2008)。高齡婦女晨間休閒運動涉入與身心健康之研究。運動休閒管理學報,5(1),121-135。
  4. 黃彥穎(2006)。台灣都會地區包裝即飲咖啡市場消費者品牌轉換行為之研究-以「左岸咖啡館」為例。未出版碩士論文,長榮大學企業經營管理研究所,台南。
  5. 張良漢(2007)。登山健行活動涉入量表信度與效度之建構。運動休閒管理學報, 4(1),34-43。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃蕙娟(Hui-Chuan Huang);李俞麟(Yu-Lin Lee)(2012)。臺北市市民運動中心相關研究議題發展之探討-以2002至2011年之學位論文為例。中華體育季刊。26(2)。223-234。 
  2. 魏彤亘(2011)。臺北市運動中心內部行銷對員工組織承諾、工作滿意與組織效能之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-240。
  3. 高慶豪(2014)。民眾文化認知、文化體驗對行為意圖之影響-以雞籠中元祭為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-88。
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