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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 林素儀(1997)。「網路購物族消費行為剖析」,網路通訊。
  2. 3. Cadotte, Ernest R., Robert B. Woodruff and Roger L. Jenkins,(1987). “Expectations and Norms in Models of Consumer Satisfaction” Journal Marketing Research, Vol.24 (Iss.3), pp.305-314.
  3. 4. Cina, C. (1989), “Creating an effective consumer satisfaction program”, The Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, Vol. 4, pp. 33-42.
  4. 9. Deighton, J. (2004). The Presentation of Self in the Information Age. Harvard Business School Marketing Research Papers, 4(2).
  5. 10. Dick, A.S. and Basu, K. (1994), “Customer loyalty:toward an integrated conceptual framework”, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol. 22, pp. 99-113.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李金佩(2014)。消費者認知風險、購買動機、購買經驗對行為意圖影響之研究-以虛實通路為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-139。
  2. 王煌呈(2017)。網路購物商城顧客滿意度與顧客期望值影響因素研究 —美安台灣SHOP.COM購物商城為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-86。
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