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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.王春展,「台灣地區大學生情緒智慧、憂鬱傾向與情緒調整策略之研究」,嘉南學報,30,443-460 (2004)。
  2. 7.王琳雅,「四技大學生生活壓力、自我效能與因應策略之探討」,碩士論文,中國醫藥大學護理學研究所,未出版,臺中市 (2006)。
  3. 21.邱發忠,「幽默創造訓練之課程設計及效果評估研究」,碩士論文,輔仁大學,未出版,台北 (1999)。
  4. 24.孫聖和,「遊戲理論及幽默感應用於設計教育之可行性初探」,碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所,未出版,台北 (2000)。
  5. 28.陳淑蓉,「幽默感對可能壓力事件及負向生活事件的認知評估、情緒反應之影響」,碩士論文,臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所,(2003)。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃姿穎(2014)。面向未來、積極行動:高中生正負向學習經驗對學業挫折容忍力與學業成績之影響。清華大學學習科學研究所學位論文。2014。1-143。 
  2. 許雅雯(2013)。國小高年級學童正負向學習經驗對學業挫折容忍力之影響──以成就動機、角色義務為中介。清華大學學習科學研究所學位論文。2013。1-162。
  3. 謝君怡(2013)。桃園縣國民小學學童文化資本、挫折容忍力與自我效能關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-256。
  4. 林佳慧(2015)。部門主管的心智模式與耐挫力關係之研究。中正大學高階主管管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-215。
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