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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.丁鳳珠(2008),國小校長魅力領導與教師專業承諾關係之研究,國立屏東
  2. 10.李弘暉(1996),高績效團隊管理的理論基礎-團隊理論模型綜述,中
  3. 33.劉家鴻(2000),團隊運作對團隊工作態度影響之研究--以台北市政府為例,國立臺灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 38.蘇芳英(2007),附加道德的魅力領導, 家長式領導與領導效應之研究,國立中山大學 企業管理研究所博士論文。
  5. 2. Barrick, M. R., Stewart, G. L., Neubert, M. J., and Mount, M. K (1998). “Relating Member Ability and Personality to Work-team Processes and Team Effectiveness,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 83, No. 3, pp.377-391.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佩諭(2014)。領導風格對品牌及消費者購買意願的影響-以Apple為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-99。 
  2. 謝志成(2014)。領導型態、團隊文化及團隊凝聚力對團隊績效之影響-以金融機構為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-81。 
  3. 林姮妤(2012)。主管魅力領導對團隊績效與銀行理專被挖角態度之影響。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-99。 
  4. 鄭雅惠(2013)。專案經理人領導風格、專案團隊衝突管理與專案績效之相關研究。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-107。 
  5. 羅瓊惠(2014)。探討教育訓練對壽險業務員工作績效之影響。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-60。
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