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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 市:時報文化出版企業股份有限公司。
  2. 鄭昭明,2004,《認知心理學》,臺北縣:桂冠出版。
  3. 邱鴻諭,2001,"野外救傷照明設備",朝陽科技大學工業設計
  4. 林桓瑜,2003,"整合消費者觀點於意象圖表的建構與應用之探
  5. 小林重順,1986,《色彩行銷戰略》,臺北市:前程企管。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許碩仁(2014)。產品意象之客觀評價方法與關連性分析。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-111。 
  2. 林昭緯(2011)。回憶的迷走街–懷舊表現手法應用於圖畫書創作研究。臺灣師範大學美術學系學位論文。2011。1-153。
  3. 林雨徵(2015)。台灣巧克力外帶專飲店品牌視覺識別系統分析與創作。中原大學商業設計研究所學位論文。2015。1-90。
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