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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 23. 楊秋霖,2007,《臺灣的生態旅遊》。臺北縣:遠足文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 1. 李如菁,2009,"博物館文化商品的再思考:從跨界的觀點出發",設計學報,第14卷,第四期。
  3. 2. 謝淑芬、王志成,2000,"消費者之旅遊知識、經驗對旅遊風險知覺程度影響之研究",觀光研究學報,第六卷,第二期,第67-89頁。
  4. 3. 李芊瑜,2009,"從博物館衍生性商品談博物館青年觀眾之回憶與學習",台北藝術大學博物館學研究所碩士論文,台北。
  5. 7. 劉渼,2008,"創意說故事敘事模式的教學應用研究",台北大學中文學報第四期,台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉景能(2016)。墾丁國家公園生態旅遊之遊程設計:以社頂部落為例。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2016。1-65。
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