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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑蓉、尹玓、李淑燕、林瑞青和曾雯琦(2007)。護理床邊交班之時間及內容分析。中華職業醫學雜誌,14(2),121-128。
  2. 周碧琴、王麗玲、施靜宜、邱郁茹、林玉梅、李麗琴、趙倩和李碧雲(1997)。 護理人員交班改善方案。長庚護理,8(2),81-91。
  3. 張玉霞和張瑞燕(2006)。提昇某急診加護病房護理交班完整性方案。志為護理,6(4),103-113。
  4. 張嘉娟、江靜儀、黃錦鳳和江健婷(1999)。交班改善方案之成效探討。長庚護理,(9)2,50-59。
  5. 莊麗玉、陳慧倫、謝金梅和韓桂香(2009)。提升精神科急性病房護理人員交班內容之完整率。長庚護理,20(1),81-90。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳世珍(2013)。獨輪上的領導-基層護理領導的困境與挑戰。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-74。 
  2. 王曉娟(2010)。顧客對投資型保單滿意度與再購意願的探討。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2010。1-67。
  3. 駱子文(2013)。醫院護理人力短缺現象之動態效應—以T醫院為個案之系統動力學分析。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-118。
  4. 李佩軒(2015)。電子交班系統對護理人員交班有效溝通及個人效益之影響。中正大學資訊管理系醫療資訊管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-131。
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